There are a variety of options for the best way to treat eczema or atopic dermatitis from over the counter (OTR) medications or from the care of a Dermatologist. Your doctor will recommend the best eczema treatment plan based on several variables, including:
- the type or cause of your eczema
- the location of the rash (face vs. knee)
- the severity of eczema and its impact on your life
- the duration of symptoms (acute vs. chronic). Long-lasting symptoms usually require more potent eczema medications.
- Results from previous treatments
- Your personal preferences
Eczema can be a complicated condition often needing a trained dermatologist to establish the best way to treat eczema based on severity and location of the atopic dermatitis. You should always consult a skin care professional if you have concerns about your eczema.
How Do You Get Rid Of Eczema?
The goals of eczema treatment are to heal the skin, prevent new flare-ups, and reduce itching and urge to scratch, which can lead to even greater problems.
There are a variety of eczema medications available that can be categorized as follows:
- Topical corticosteroids
- Calcineurin inhibitors (Elidel®, Protopic®)
- Oral corticosteroids (prednisone)
- Immunosuppressants (cyclosporine)
These medications may be added or removed from the the recommended treatment plan in a step-wise fashion depending on symptom intensity.
Eczema treatments may need to be sustained for many months to bring it under control, and eczema treatments often need to be repeated with proper eczema medication may be necessary.
Eczema And Skin Care
It is critical that basic skin care measures be maintained in order to keep atopic dermatitis under control. Basic steps include avoiding substances that trigger eczema, selecting and using appropriate skin care products, the best ointment for eczema treatment, and frequent moisturizing.
Best moisturizers for eczema
One of the most important steps for treating and managing atopic dermatitis is to use a moisturizer. Moisturizers provide a layer of protection from irritants, trap moisture in the skin, help restore the skin barrier, and improve the skin’s appearance. Regular use of a moisturizer for eczema may reduce the need for other medicines.
Moisturizers are best applied at least twice a day within 3 minutes after a bath, shower, or swim.
When choosing an eczema moisturizer, look for a hypoallergenic and ointment-based product. Thicker moisturizers will protect the skin longer than lighter lotions. Avoid moisturizers containing alcohol, fragrances, or other chemicals that can irritate the skin. Even seemingly harmless substances like glycerin can dry the skin of people with atopic dermatitis.
What are the best lotions for eczema?
- Vaseline® Petroleum Jelly—-though thick, it is quickly absorbed by very dry skin
Before applying the moisturizer for eczema, use tepid water and a gentle cleanser to remove dead skin cells. Do not scrub or rub excessively. Apply the moisturizer immediately afterward while the skin is still damp. Remember to use plenty of moisturizer to keep atopic dermatitis at bay, especially in children. Keeping a child’s skin sufficiently moisturized could require as much as 1-2 bottles of moisturizer per week. Adults will need even more.
Bleach baths offer an easy means of reducing the risk of developing skin infections among people with atopic dermatitis (eczema).
Is Eczema itchy?
The largest cases of eczema that dermatologist see is atopic dermatitis which results in different stages of eczema, from lack of symptoms to full blown flare ups that can be elevated and irritating to the touch. Eczema can cause flaky, dry skin, susceptible to itching and burning. It is important to keep scratching and itching of the affected area to a minimum to reduce the effects of the itching sensation and to calm the irritated skin in order to heal quickly.